Have you ever worked hard in your little kitchen garden? Probably most us say yes! Those plants bearing red luscious tomatoes is a fascinating thing to see. But it’s too heart breaking when those same tomato plants wither away and die before your eyes.
Tomato plants are susceptible to almost three dozen diseases. Some diseases can be spread by seed, while others are soil borne or contaminated through air or water.
Today we have got you some tips to save your tomato plants form all these viruses.
- Choose varieties that are Disease-Resistant
With the agricultural advances there are many disease-resistant seeds that are prepared through open-pollination and hybrid methods.
However ‘disease-resistant’ tag doesn’t mean that a particular seed is immune to a disease. It is just that these seeds are less susceptible to diseases.
There is still a need to use other methods to keep the plants healthy and fruitful. For instance ask for common plant diseases in your area. You can avail assistance from your neighbors, farmer’s market or local nurseries.
When you know which disease in particular you are dealing with, you can have better preparation to fight against it.
- Learn the coding on the seed packaging
Seed companies have developed some codes for different seed varieties for different disease resistance. Some are as follows:
A — Alternaria Alternata
F — Fusarium wilt
FF — Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2
FFF — Fusarium wilt races 1, 2, and 3
N — Nematodes
St — Stemphylium
T — Tobacco mosaic virus
TSWV — Tomato spotted wilt virus
V –Verticillium wilt
So if your seed package says ‘VFTN’, it means that particular variety is resistant to four diseases namely — Verticillium Wilt — Fusarium Wilt — Tobacco Mosaic Virus — Nematodes.
3. Give Ideal Growing Conditions for Your Plants
Vigorous and healthy plants are less susceptible to attract virus. Here are some tips to prepare for healthy growing conditions:
- Grow tomato plants in large pots.
- Keep the soil well-drained and fertile.
- Grow the plants with full sunlight for at least 8 hours.
- Don’t let the soil dry out or stay wet. Preferably keep it moist.
- Regularly put compost and other organic matter to the soil in order to minimize disease related problem.
4. Follow Proper Procedure for Good Sanitation
- Prohibit smoking near your kitchen garden.
- Destroy any previous plants if they had any diseases. These can carry disease to the new healthy plants.
- Remove all tomato-related weeds such as nightshades, horse nettle and ground cherries.
- Cut any poor looking diseased leaves as soon as possible. It will prevent the disease to reach to the rest of the plant.
5. Sterilize the Seeds
If you notice any seed borne diseases then immediately sterilize the seeds. Soak them in a solution of 1 part bleach and 9 parts water. Keep it soaked for about 10 minutes. Rinse well and then plant. If you want to avoid all this the try to buy high-quality seeds from reputable nurseries.